19 September 2009

The life underneath

The Citytunnel in Malmö consists of two six kilometers long parallel tunnels under Malmo, two new stations and underground extension of the Malmö Central Station.
The project is expected to cost close to 10 billions swedish kroner, and will make train traffic around Malmö more effective when its put into use in 2010.
The project of the Citytunnel will connect the railway to the north of Malmö by rail against Trelleborg, Ystad and Copenhagen. Through the project larger parts of Malmö will have access to the railway, and Malmö will be easily accessible to surrounding regions.
The project will consist total 17 kilometer electric powered railway through Malmö. On the 11-kilometer stretch from Malmö Central Station to the Oresund Bridge, it will go double.
Six kilometers to go in parallel tunnels under the Malmö. The rest will go on the single track towards Trelleborg and Ystad. Malmö Central Station will be built out, and it will be building new railway stations at Triangeln and Hyllie. The construction of the Citytunnel will start this year, and is scheduled to take effect in 2010.
4.5 kilometers of the two six-kilometer-long tunnels under the Malmö will be drilled, the remaining 1.5 kg meters shafts from the surface, so-called cut and cover technique. The drilled tunnels will be covered inside with reinforced concreteelement.

The Citytunnel will mean shorter travel time and improve communications in the Malmö area. This will be for the benefit for both individuals and businesses. It is estimated that the number of travelers to and from Denmark will increase sharply. Travel time between Lund and Kastrup will be halved, which will mean increased air traffic through Kastrup.

The Citytunnel project has seven goals:

1. Increase the competitiveness of the railways in Skåne.

2. Contribute to the increased integration in the Øresund region.

3 Increase the competitiveness of railways in Sweden.

4. Reduce the environmental problems in the area.

5. Strengthen the development of Skåne.

6. Strength Malmo's position as a regional center in Skåne.

7. Be a friendly transportation system for the environments.

The railwaysystem for today does not hold for the development which is expected in the Oresund region. If the railway network does not improve the expected traffic will increase with more cars, which will mean increased environmental impact and several traffic accidents in the area. It will also be difficult for the road traffic to connect the Malmo Oresund region in an efficient manner.
The existing railway system in Malmö is not built for straight-through traffic. The situation today is that all trains to be further south towards Ystad and Trelleborg (or via the Oresund Bridge to Copenhagen Kastrup) has to change the direction at Malmö Central Station and go through the Continental Line. Since this path passes through residential areas, there are traffic restrictions. This means that the traffic over the Øresund would be limited if they had not initiated the upgrading of the railway network in Malmo.

The station at Triangeln will help to ensure that there is a lively center of Malmö. 35,000 people will get a walking distance (one mile or less) to train. The station is located in an area of business and culture (Konsthall and Malmö Music Theater) and also close to Skåne's largest workplace; University Hospital MAS. The station will be built as a roller Bedroom station about 20 meters below ground. In Hyllie grow an entire district around the new railway station. There are also plans to include an arena and a shopping mall.
Forecasts show that the number of train journey across Øresund will be doubled when the Citytunnel will be ready in 2010. The number of travelers from Ystad and Trelleborg is expected to increase by 600 percent.
The total number of travelers in 2010 will reach approximately 74,000 passengers. Malmö Central Station will have just over 34,000 users per day and Triangeln 37,000.
Long-term forecasts predict up to 450 trains per day in the Citytunnel 2020. The same year it predicts that 60,000 passengers per day (or 19 million per year) will travel through the station at Triangeln.
The Citytunnel increase the capacity of the Oresund region's railway system and will be served with a remote train from Stockholm, Oslo and Gothenburg to Copenhagen.

1 comment:

Dahl og Uhre arkitekter said...

Your heading in your encircling of the Malmö Dynamics is charged with possible interpretations.
That what is underneath will appear in different shapes, forms etc. Raul Bunschoten, Magdalena showed in her mapping lecture parts of his methods, had an exhibition titled SKIN many years ago. Here he explored what we still doesn’t observe but what can appear and reformulate our surroundings, the skin of the earth, our visions and ambitions.
You quote from your source:
“The Citytunnel increase the capacity of the Oresund region's railway system and will be served with a remote train from Stockholm, Oslo and Gothenburg to Copenhagen”.

In your source text there is a life underneath which we think it is important for you to explore, in a way going behind what is written in this document. There are some metadata here, in this quotation of yours that opens up possible futures and consequence for you to explore.

What you call remote train here, may in foreseeable time, be a TGV line between fex Oslo and Copenhagen. This alters the possibilities of the skin, to keep with Bunschoten. In 2003 we made a diagram called Seven Million City based on this assumption. A possible urban field stretching from Oslo, including Gothenburg, Malmö an Copenhagen.
Our advice is in other words that you should explore what’s in your sources, encircling the dynamics and possibilities of such strategies. Stretch them a little and speculate yourself about openings to interesting features and futures.